G20 & Millets: Understanding India’s Hesitation Towards Embracing a Global Trend


summit G20 & Millets: Understanding India


G20 & Millets: Understanding India’s Hesitation Towards Embracing a Global Trend


The Importance of the G20 Summit

In today’s interconnected world, global forums like the G20 have gained significant importance. Comprising the world’s major economies, the G20 Summit serves as a platform for global leaders to discuss and address pressing global issues. One such issue that has become a topic of concern is the global trend towards millets as a sustainable and nutritious food source. However, India, one of the key participants in the G20 Summit, has shown hesitation in embracing this trend. This article aims to delve into India’s reluctance and shed light on the reasons behind it.


The Rising Popularity of Millets

Millets are a group of small-seeded grains widely cultivated in India, Africa, and other parts of the world. Known for their nutritional value, millets are considered a sustainable and climate-resilient crop. These grains are rich in protein, fiber, and essential minerals, making them an excellent choice for a balanced diet. Their popularity has been growing globally, with many countries recognizing the potential of millets in addressing the rising challenges of malnutrition and climate change.


India’s Historic Relationship with Millets

India has a deep-rooted history with millets. They have been a staple food in various regions of the country for centuries. Millets have played a crucial role in sustaining rural communities, particularly in dryland agriculture. Their ability to grow in harsh climatic conditions makes them an important crop for food security in India.


Challenges Faced by Indian Farmers

Indian agriculture faces numerous challenges, including climate change, water scarcity, and declining soil fertility. Farmers struggle with yield losses and diminishing returns on traditional crops due to these adversities. While millets offer a potential solution, their cultivation requires specific agricultural practices and infrastructure.


Lack of Infrastructure and Value Chain

One of the main reasons for India’s hesitation in embracing millets on a global scale is the lack of infrastructure and a well-developed value chain. The majority of Indian farmers are small-scale, and they lack the necessary machinery and equipment for millet cultivation and processing. Additionally, there is a significant gap in the supply chain that prevents millets from reaching the wider market.


Monoculture Dominance and Market Pressure

India faces the challenge of monoculture dominance, where crops like rice and wheat have taken precedence over traditional and climate-resilient crops like millets. This shift is primarily driven by market demands and subsidies for certain crops. As a result, millets have taken a backseat, and promoting them requires a shift in focus and policy changes.


Government Initiatives and Support

Recognizing the importance of millets, the Indian government has initiated various programs and schemes to promote their cultivation. These include financial incentives for farmers, training programs, and awareness campaigns promoting the benefits of millets. However, the scale of these initiatives needs to be expanded to drive larger adoption of millets.


Cultural Perceptions and Consumer Preferences

Cultural perceptions and consumer preferences play a significant role in shaping the food choices of a nation. In India, the preference for rice and wheat as staple grains is deeply rooted in cultural practices and dietary habits. Changing these preferences and introducing millets on a larger scale requires targeted awareness campaigns and culinary innovations to make them more appealing to the masses.


The Way Forward: Collaborations and Policy Changes

To embrace the global trend towards millets, India needs to foster collaborations, both domestically and internationally. Sharing knowledge, expertise, and research findings can help overcome the hurdles faced by Indian farmers in adopting millets. Furthermore, policy changes that incentivize millet cultivation and address the challenges of value chain and market pressure are essential for mainstreaming millets as a sustainable food source.



India’s hesitation in embracing the global trend towards millets is multi-faceted. It encompasses factors such as lack of infrastructure, market pressures, cultural perceptions, and consumer preferences. However, with concerted efforts from the government, collaborations with international partners, and policy changes, India can overcome these challenges and realize the potential of millets in addressing the pressing issues of nutrition and climate change.



1. Are millets only grown in India?

No, millets are cultivated in various parts of the world, including India, Africa, China, and parts of Europe. Each region has different types of millets based on their suitability to the local climate and agricultural practices.

2. What are the nutritional benefits of millets?

Millets are rich in protein, fiber, and essential minerals like iron, calcium, and magnesium. They are also gluten-free, making them an excellent choice for individuals with gluten intolerance or celiac disease.

3. Why are millets considered sustainable?

Millets require less water and agrochemical inputs compared to other crops like rice and wheat. They are drought-resistant and can grow in harsh climatic conditions, making them a sustainable choice in regions facing water scarcity and climate change challenges.[3]

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